Logopedics and Phoniatrics
The subjects of Logopedics and Phoniatrics are now more integrated in their educational programs. From the first semester, students in the field are exposed to practical experiences. For example, a bad listening environment or a hoarse teacher can affect the motivation of young students. To counter this, logopedics teachers are trained to listen carefully and to teach in a clear, uninflected voice.
Difference between a logopedic therapist and a logotherapist
A logotherapist uses the technique of dereflection, which uses the principle of self-transcendence to help patients change their focus from themselves to other people. By focusing on others instead of on themselves, the patient can improve their situation. The logotherapist will often ask the patient to try to imagine the experiences of others instead of their own.
While logotherapy is not inherently religious, it is largely focused on spiritual concepts, and the therapist helps the client find meaning and purpose by driving questions and suggesting interventions. The client is an active participant in the process, shaping their goals and developing their sense of meaning. The logotherapist will guide the client in discovering their own sense of meaning and purpose, but non-philosophical individuals may struggle to find the therapy helpful.
Logotherapy is a form of positive psychology developed by Viktor Frankl. It focuses on the will to meaning, and is distinct from the will to power and pleasure developed by Alfred Adler and Freud. It believes that human beings are motivated by meaning, and that this will is strong enough to overcome obstacles.
Teaching and research in the field
Teaching and research in logopedics is a multi-disciplinary subject, which involves combining theory and practice. It has been around for over 50 years, and the Faculty of Medicine in Lund is the home of the study programme. The study programme’s curriculum is designed to prepare students for careers in the field of logopedics.
The professor of logopedics is responsible for providing teaching based on research in the field. He or she plans programs for BA and MA Degree programs in Logopedics, supervises theses and dissertations, and engages in international research cooperation. He or she also provides services to the community.
Research in logopedics involves studying the development of speech, language, and written language. It also examines the relationship between receptor activity and cognitive processes. It also explores the social and emotional aspects of speech. The field of logopedics also includes the prevention and treatment of speech disorders.
Finland’s role in the field
The University of Eastern Finland (UEF) is launching a new degree programme in logopedics, spearheaded by Professor Marja Laasonen. The new programme is aimed at filling a growing shortage in Eastern Finland of speech-language therapists. Although the field is very popular in Finland, a shortage in training is one of its main obstacles. The university is expecting around 800 applicants in the first year. Of these, 25 will be accepted.
Finland’s researchers have created guidelines for using music to enhance spoken language, aimed at speech therapists, teachers, and early childhood care providers. In addition, they have created music playschools for children with cochlear implants. This approach helps the children’s brains process speech, which is essential for learning.